Greater Flamingo -
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Scientific name : Passer domesticus
Family : Phoenicopteridae
L de 120 à 145 cm, E de 140 à 170 cm
Longevity: 15 years on average
Among the 340 species of birds present in the Rhone delta, the Greater Flamingo is the bird emblem of the Camargue. These gregarious birds live in groups in wetlands. This large web-footed birds are fond of water bodies identified, shallow salt or brackish marshes and ponds, which explains its strong presence in the Camargue. These areas allow them to find their food mainly consists of crustaceans and algae. Their beaks, which includes a comb, allowing them to filter water to retain nutrients (shrimp Artemia).
Young flamingos are not colored, the color of the flamingo comes from their food rich in beta carotene. The flamingos have black flight feathers on each wing.
Flamingo usually flies in groups, sometimes very important, His flight silhouette is typical, very elongated neck and legs. It has a direct and energetic flight allowing it to reach 60 km/h.
The Camargue region is the only nesting flamingos in France, they nest in the pond Fangassier. Females lay 1 or 2 eggs in a nest made of mud, the incubation lasts 28 to 30 days, it is assured by the two partners. Young flamingos are faintly colored, at birth the chick beak and pink legs, it is covered with a white down in a few days, it takes a brown-gray color, the beak and legs turn black. Then gradually he shade of pink to take his adult adornment around the age of four year.
The Flamingos are very numerous in the summer, most migrate to Africa in winter, but in the Camargue, a large number is present throughout the year. This bird is very social expressive: a real hubbub reigns in the colonies!
Greater Flamingo enjoys full protection on French territory since the Ministerial Decree of 17 April 1981 relating to protected birds throughout the territory.